The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Clinical Pediatrics is a restorative diary that take after to distribute and to accessible data on a change of tyke focus mind points alongside those of a clinical, logical, behavioural, instructive, or moral nature. Clinical Pediatrics sensitivity is likewise a standout amongst the most imperative and generally considered territories in novel research of this field. Introductory discovery of growth in youngsters likewise is taking prior consideration in Clinical Pediatrics disease.
- Track 1-1Abnormalities in Children
- Track 1-2Birth Defects
- Track 1-3Pediatrics
- Track 1-4Pediatric obesity
- Track 1-5Pediatric Disorders
In childhood, a disorder which involves both the heart and lungs problems, called Pediatric Cardiopulmonary disease. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is the visceral fat deposit around the heart and is commonly increased in obese subjects. EAT is related to Cardio Metabolic risk factors and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults, but this relationship is not well known in children. (MI) Myocardial infarction is rare in childhood and adolescence. Children usually have either an acute inflammatory condition of the coronary arteries diseases or an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery (LCA). Peripheral vascular diseases (PVDs) are circulation disorders that affect blood vessels outside of the heart and brain. In PVD, blood vessels are narrowed. Narrowing is usually caused by arteriosclerosis. We will be discussed more about the common problem of the baby heart diseases as Cardiomyopathy, Myocarditis,, Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, Hypertension, Heart Murmur, Cardiac Arrest, Pericarditis Effusion, Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia, Cyanotic Heart Disease, and Pediatric Arrhythmia.
- Track 2-1Apnea
- Track 2-2Baby Heart Diseases
- Track 2-3Cardiomyopathy
- Track 2-4Heart Murmur
- Track 2-5Hypertension
- Track 2-6Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
- Track 2-7Myocarditis
- Track 2-8Pediatric Arrhythmia
- Track 2-9Pericarditis Effusion
Atherosclerosis begins in childhood with the appearance of aortic fatty streaks. Aortic fatty streaks of some degree are present in practically all individuals from every human population that has been studied. The average amount of aortic intimai surface involved with fatty streaks does not differ much among human populations. Coronary fatty streaks begin to form in adolescence. It is unusual for children or teenagers to have a heart attack or stroke as a result of atherosclerosis. This is because vessel narrowing, caused by atherosclerosis, takes many years to develop. However, the process of atherosclerosis begins in childhood. For most children, atherosclerosis is mild and progresses slowly. In some children, atherosclerosis worsens rapidly, increasing the risk of heart disease, and less commonly, stroke in early adult life. This conversion takes place at earlier ages in populations with high morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease.
- Track 3-1Child Obesity
- Track 3-2Cholesterol-filled plaques
- Track 3-3Depressive and bipolar disorders
- Track 3-4High blood pressure
This syndrome may affect adolescents and adults with certain congenital heart defects that were repaired later in life or were never repaired. Though this Pediatric Eisenmenger’s not a type of heart disease specifically, this syndrome typically indicates a problem with the heart. Pediatric Eisenmenger’s is a collection of three symptoms, including: cyanosis, pale blue or grayish skin due to decreased oxygen in the blood pulmonary hypertension, high blood pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs polycythaemia, excess number of red blood cells.
- Track 4-1Hypoxia
- Track 4-2Patent ductus arteriosus
- Track 4-3Pulmonary hypertension
- Track 4-4Transposition of the great arteries
- Track 4-5Ventricular septal defect
Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. Pulmonology is known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.
- Track 5-1Asthma
- Track 5-2Bronchitis
- Track 5-3Bronchopulmonary Diseases
- Track 5-4Cystic Fibrosis
- Track 5-5Lung Transplantation
- Track 5-6Pneumonia
- Track 5-7Tuberculosis
- Track 5-8Wheezing
Cardiac catheterization of infants and children is a highly specialized procedure, which is performed in selected circumstances for additional diagnostic information. In addition, an increasing number of cardiac catheterization procedures are therapeutic and permanently correct or improve the underlying congenital heart condition, avoiding the need for open-chest surgery. Electrophysiological catheterization procedures allow detailed investigation of heart rhythm abnormalities, and ablation procedures cure certain abnormal heart rhythms. Cardiac catheterization is what is called an invasive procedure, meaning it involves going into the body through the skin. However, it is a minimally invasive procedure and is not considered "open" surgery since it's performed without making any large incisions. Usually the only sign that a person has had the procedure is a small puncture hole where the catheter was inserted, usually in the groin area, but sometimes in the arm or neck.
- Track 6-1Balloon Atrial Septostomy
- Track 6-2Blade Atrial Septostomy
- Track 6-3Cardiac Conventional Surgery
- Track 6-4Minimally Invasive Procedure
- Track 6-5Pediatric Therapeutic Cardiac Catheterization
- Track 6-6Static Balloon Atrial Dilation
- Track 6-7Therapeutic Catheter Procedures
Cardiovascular Diseases are types of heart disease observed in children and adolescents. Rheumatic heart diseases are thought to result from an autoimmune response, but the exact pathogenesis remains unclear. As many as 39% of patients with acute rheumatic fever may develop varying degrees of pancarditis with associated valve insufficiency, heart failure, pericarditis, and even death.This track include more about the acute coronary syndromes, Congestive Heart Failure, inflammatory heart diseases, Pediatric angina pectoris, ischaemic heart diseases, rheumatic heart diseases, valvular heart diseases, peripheral artery diseases, pulmonary embolism and vascular rings.
- Track 7-1Acute Coronary Syndromes
- Track 7-2Heart Failure
- Track 7-3Inflammatory Heart Disease
- Track 7-4Ischaemic Heart Disease
- Track 7-5Pediatric Angina
- Track 7-6Peripheral Artery Diseases
- Track 7-7Pulmonary Embolism
- Track 7-8Rheumatic Heart Disease
- Track 7-9Valvular Heart Diseases
- Track 7-10Vascular Rings
Heart surgery is done to correct problems with the heart. After the medical approach or for the severe conditions cardiac surgery is the option to treat the cardiac diseases. Anaesthesiologist’s involvement for diagnostic and interventional procedures in cardiac catheterization laboratory has been evolving particularly since last two decades. Sedation and Anaesthesia is requiring to unconscious the patient to precede the cardiac surgery. Cardiac surgical process includes various terms as cardiovascular surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons, Open heart surgery in the chest is cut open and surgery is performed on the muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) which is useful in preventing sudden death in patients with known, sustained ventricular tachycardia or atrial fibrillation. After the certain time the cardiac surgery, monitoring and the evolution is also important.
This tracks mainly discuss about the various surgical procedure are used to treat the cardiac problems as heart transplantation, modern beating heart surgery, neonatal heart surgery, ventricular septal defects surgery, rehabilitation and secondary prevention in cardiology, Pediatric cardiac emergency, transmyocardial revascularization (TMR), cardiac atherectomy, cardiovascular implant devices as well as patent ductus arteriosus and laparoscopy and the modern advancements in the surgical procedure.
- Track 8-1Cardiovascular Implant Devices
- Track 8-2Heart Ablation Surgery
- Track 8-3Heart Stunt Surgery
- Track 8-4Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)
- Track 8-5Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery
- Track 8-6Neonatal Heart Surgery
- Track 8-7Open Heart Surgery
- Track 8-8Robotic Heart Surgery
- Track 8-9Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR)
- Track 8-10Ventricular Septal Defects Surgery
A heart transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove the diseased heart from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor. In order to remove the heart from the donor, two or more doctors must declare the donor brain-dead. Before a person can be put on a waiting list for a heart transplant, a doctor makes the determination that this is the best treatment option available for the person's heart failure. The most common reason is that one or both ventricles have aren't functioning properly and severe heart failure is present. Ventricular failure can happen in many forms of congenital heart disease, but is more common in congenital defects with a single ventricle or if long-standing valve obstruction or leakage has led to irreversible heart failure. While a heart transplant is a major operation, your chance of survival is good, with appropriate follow-up care.
- Track 9-1Cardiopulmonary Transplant
- Track 9-2Complications after Transplantation
- Track 9-3Heart Transplant
- Track 9-4Heart Transplant Surgery
- Track 9-5Heterotopic Heart Transplant
- Track 9-6Pre-Transplant Assessment
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis. The build-up of plaque occurs over many years. If blood flow is not proper to the heart muscle then it is call Angina. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a complex and rare heart defect present at birth (congenital). Over time, CHD can weaken the heart muscle and lead to heart failure and arrhythmias. CHD is the most common type of heart disease.
Main type of heart coronary diseases are; atrial septal defect, Cineangiography, ventricular septal defect, Coarctation of the aorta, transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot, acquired heart diseases, aortic dissection, myocardial infarction, pleural effusion, Endocarditis, Atrial Fibrillation and atherosclerosis. About the sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the unexpected death caused by loss of heart function or cardiac stroke.
- Track 10-1Acquired Heart Diseases
- Track 10-2Aortic Dissection
- Track 10-3Atherosclerosis
- Track 10-4Atrial Septal Defect
- Track 10-5Cardiac Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
- Track 10-6Coarctation of the Aorta
- Track 10-7Myocardial Infarction
- Track 10-8Pleural Effusion
- Track 10-9Sudden Cardiac Death
- Track 10-10Tetralogy of Fallot
- Track 10-11Transposition of the Great Arteries
- Track 10-12Ventricular Septal Defect
Interventional cardiology refers to diagnostics and non-surgical treatments of the heart. Cardiac interventions are used to diagnosis and treat many types of heart disease. Stanford interventional cardiology is a world leader in percutaneous coronary revascularization, which re-establishes blood flow to the heart when its vessels have been damaged or blocked. Each year, the staff of the Section of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology sees thousands of patients with almost every kind of heart disease. Our interventionists treat people of all ages from around the world who have serious, sometimes life-threatening, cardiac conditions.
- Track 11-1Cardiac Angioplasty
- Track 11-2Cardiac Atherectomy
- Track 11-3Carotid Stenting
- Track 11-4Embolic Protection
- Track 11-5Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP)
- Track 11-6Intravascular Ultrasound
- Track 11-7Invasive Cardiology
- Track 11-8Nonsurgical Interventional Treatments
- Track 11-9Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair
The heart is the primary organ to create in your unborn infant, and is the most imperative to his or her lifetime of wellbeing. Fetal Cardiology program attempts to bolster kid's heart wellbeing, or setting up your tyke forever evolving treatment. The most progressive innovation to screen creating child—including fetal echocardiograms and fetal MRIs for assessment—which decreases hazard while minimizing time spent in the doctor's facility. Our gathering will give you more subtle elements data about fetal cardiovascular physiology, Fetal Bradyarrhythmia's and Tachyarrhythmia's and some more.
- Track 12-1Administration of Pregnancy
- Track 12-2Fetal Cardiac Intervention
- Track 12-3Fetal Cardiovascular Physiology
- Track 12-4Irregularities of Venous System
- Track 12-5Transesophageal Echo, Fetal Echo
Tetralogy of Fallot is a birth defect that affects normal blood flow through the heart. It happens when a baby’s heart does not form correctly as the baby grows and develops in the mother’s womb during pregnancy. During pregnancy, there are screening tests (also called prenatal tests) to check for birth defects and other conditions. Tetralogy of Fallot might be seen during an ultrasound (which creates pictures of the body). Some findings from the ultrasound may make the health care provider suspect a baby may have tetralogy of Fallot. If so, the health care provider can request a fetal echocardiogram to confirm the diagnosis. A fetal echocardiogram is an ultrasound of the heart of the fetus. This test can show problems with the structure of the heart and how the heart is working with this defect.
Causes and Risk Factors
The causes of heart defects (such as tetralogy of Fallot) among most babies are unknown. Some babies have heart defects because of changes in their genes or chromosomes. Heart defects such as tetralogy of Fallot also are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other risk factors, such as the things the mother or fetus encounter in the environment or what the mother eats or drinks or the medicines she uses.
- Track 13-1Blue Baby.
- Track 13-2Critical Congenital Heart Defect.
- Track 13-3Main Pulmonary Artery.
- Track 13-4Ventricular Septal Defect.
An inborn issue otherwise called an innate illness, distortion, birth deformity, or inconsistency, is a condition existing at or before birth paying little heed to bring about. Of these scatters, those portrayed by basic distortions are named "intrinsic peculiarities" and include absconds in a creating baby. Birth surrenders fluctuate generally in cause and side effects. Some intrinsic heart deserts in kids are straightforward and needn't bother with treatment, for example, a little opening between heart chambers that closes all alone. Other intrinsic heart abandons in kids are more intricate and may require a few surgeries performed over a time of quite a long while. The reason for an inborn heart deformity is frequently unknown. Having a guardian with an innate heart imperfection is likewise a danger factor. A number of hereditary conditions are connected with heart absconds including Down disorder, Turner disorder, and Marfan syndrome. Congenital heart imperfections are isolated into two principle bunches:
1. cyanotic heart abandons
2. non-cyanotic heart deserts
- Track 14-1Atrial septal defects
- Track 14-2Ductus Ateriosus Tetralogy Of Fallot
- Track 14-3Ventricular Septal Defects Surgery
During the preoperative visit, a member of the Anesthesia team will discuss with the family and patient the use of preoperative medications. The decision regarding whether to administer a preoperative medication will depend on the age of the child, the type of cardiac defect and the anxiety level of the child.
The following are the main drugs mainly used for child
Morphine is a narcotic that produces sedation and analgesia (blocking the sensation of pain). Morphine may be used as a premedication for certain types of congenital heart defects such as Tetralogy of Fallot or other cyanotic congenital heart diseases.
Infants under 6 months of age and children with Down syndrome will sometimes receive a medication called atropine prior to Anesthesia. Atropine is known as an anticholinergic agent, which means it works on the nervous system to produce, among other things, dry mouth and increased heart rate.
Midazolam is the drug most commonly given before surgery. In some cases, morphine may also be used. Midazolam (or Versed®) is a short-acting benzodiazepine (sedative) that can be administered to children orally, intranasally or through an intravenous catheter (IV).
- Track 15-1Adequacy Of Anticoagulation
- Track 15-2Distinct Cardiac Defect
- Track 15-3Inhalational Anesthetics
- Track 15-4Severe Aortic Stenosis.
Research in Cardiology field comprises all aspects related to the physiology and pathology of the structure and function of the heart and the cardiovascular system, including their regulation by neuronal and humoral mechanisms, cardiovascular safety pharmacology etc. To see the drug effects on heart, scientists prefer to do clinical trials on the animals. Because of long term Malnutrition also cardiac disorder will develop in body. With the international Pediatric Cardiology 2016 Meetings or events we will get to know about the new advancements coming from different research in cardiology field.
This session mainly focus on the research on cardiology filed as clinical monitoring, case studies, cardiovascular genetics, adverse drug reaction, clinical trial management system, and experimental models of cardiovascular diseases.
- Track 16-1Adverse Drug Reaction
- Track 16-2Cardiovascular Drugs Market Analysis
- Track 16-3Cardiovascular Genetics
- Track 16-4Clinical Monitoring
- Track 16-5Clinical Trial Management System
- Track 16-6Ethics Committee
- Track 16-7Experimental models of Cardiovascular Diseases
- Track 16-8Pediatric Cardiology Case Studies