Neonatology focuses on new-born infants, particularly ill or premature new-borns. If a child has a birth defect or is born prematurely, a neonatologist will assist with delivery and the care of the infant. If a problem is discovered before the baby is born, the neonatologist will consult with the patient’s obstetrician during the pregnancy. Neonatologists can address complex and high-risk situations that a general pediatrician may not be well equipped to handle. They can also identify infections, or breathing conditions, treat new-borns for any kind of life-threatening illness, and coordinate the care of new-borns to make sure they receive proper nutrition for healing and growth.