Pediatric Ophthalmology is that the branch of medicine involved with the care of Children’s eyes. Pediatric Amblyopia is an eye problem which emerges in kids can also be present in adults. The mechanism of this condition includes the differences of vision in both eyes i.e. the vision in one is weaker to compare to other. It is recommended to have regular vision screening of your child to avoid permanent vision damage. Ophthalmologists emphasis on the enhancement of the visual system and the several diseases that disturb visual development in children. They also have knowledge in dealing the various ocular diseases that affect children. They are skilled to perform complex eye surgery as well as to accomplish children's eye problems using glasses and medications. Moreover, children with apparent vision problems, children with head turns, head tilts, squinting of the eyes, or preferred head postures are referred to an ophthalmologist for treatment.